Soyinka on religion:To everything, its place

BY PROF. WOLE SOYINKA (Only slightly altered from a 2008 contribution to a symposium at UNESCO, Paris.) The issue, I understand, is...


BY PROF. WOLE SOYINKA


(Only slightly altered from a 2008 contribution to a symposium at UNESCO, Paris.)


The issue, I understand, is the flaunting of religious markers in public educational institutions. Let me begin by confessing that I envy the French to whom those choices have only been recently thrust to the fore – they have always been with us in Nigeria.


I also envy those to whom the issues are straightforward, and permit of dogmatic positions. In normal circumstances, perhaps I would agree that it should be a non-issue. It is tempting to simplify the debate by evoking the nature of club membership – a public school has certain rules, and if you wish to be a member, or make use of its facilities, then you must conform to those rules or seek alternatives elsewhere.


However, the world we inhabit has changed vastly and dramatically over the past few decades, and club rules – like race or sex differentiated membership rules – are no longer sacrosanct. In addition, the genie is out of the bottle and the beasts of intolerance, suspicion and polarization stalk the streets. Dialogue is mostly relegated to the status of a poor relation of terror and intimidation, barely tolerated, often mocked.


Conscious of the fact that the present dialogue is being conducted within such an atmosphere, it may be helpful if I began with a reference to my personal response when a directly contrary policy was announced in my own country, Nigeria, and not just recently. It happened about twenty years ago, long before the introduction of the Sharia – the Islamic law – in a number of states within the country. After several decades of independence, during which the issue of school uniforms in public schools never emerged as a volatile social problem, I was appalled when a Minister of Education ordered that secondary school pupils should be allowed to dress in a distinct fashion that was favoured by their religious belonging.


What I experienced was, frankly, a deep sense of revulsion at this insertion of a wedge of difference among youth, at a period in their lives when they should be saved from the separatist imbecilities of the so-called adult world. My response was visceral and instinctive, and I realized that this move had savaged a deep held social philosophy within me that I had always taken for granted.


The contributive effects of upbringing to such a reaction cannot be ruled out, so let me also state my own background. The schools that I attended – both primary and secondary – observed the tradition of the school uniform.

The primary school was an Anglican missionary school whose uniform – a khaki shirt, a pair of shorts and bare feet – could not, by any stretch of the imagination be attached to any religion – from the traditional Orisa worship of the Yoruba to Zoroastrianism. My secondary school – or High School as it is known in some parts – was a boarding school. On Sundays, Christian service was conducted in the chapel while, on Fridays, Moslems gathered for their devotion. On Saturdays, the Seventh Day Adventists received an automatic exeat, went into town for their version of the Christian worship .


Even Sunday devotion among the Christians respected differences. Roman Catholics as well as Pentecostal – known as the aladura – went their own spiritual ways. In short, although this school, a state owned school, could be said to be basically oriented towards an Anglican tradition, freedom of worship for every pupil was not only guaranteed but structured into the school’s routine.


The Minister’s claim that the uniforms worn by pupils in the various secondary schools were ‘christian’ was so specious that even a number of his Moslems peers expressed deep skepticism about his motives.

Those motives are reflected today in the deep social cleavages that have become exacerbated over time, and now express themselves in religious clashes of increasing savagery. The basic question for me is this: what does adult society owe its younger generation in a world that is so badly torn by differences?


 Having observed alternative examples in practice, and weighed them without the burden of religious partisanship, I find the model of my upbringing infinitely preferable to most others. It proposes that, while the right of religious worship, even in schools, should remain sacrosanct, society profits in the long run from severely muting the overt manifestation of religion in places of public education. Now, I am positioning myself here on a platform of principle, not of details.


We may find that some religious augmentation of a school’s dress code is not obtrusive, while others violently blare forth! I associate myself, basically, with a policy of creating the maximum possible sense of oneness within the younger generation.

Allowance having been made for differences on those days allocated to spiritual exercises of choice, I see no harm done to the young mind when it is thereafter bound with others in routine expressions of a common identity, and that includes, most prominently, the school uniform. If we may approach this issue obliquely and push aside religion for the moment, I should add that I hold the same view of schools where absolute freedom of dress is permitted school pupils.


What that has meant is that children from affluent homes can attend school in designer clothing, forming associations distinguished by an elitist consciousness, in contrast to the farmers’ and workers’ children who can just about scrape together the odd pieces of castoff dressing from charity or second class clothing markets.


A simplistic reading of the rights of children to individual self-expression is responsible for this takeover of the learning environment by fashion parades, a sight that is so prevalent in countries like the United States. My objection to this rests on the recognition that the modern school is an equivalent of the age-grade culture in traditional societies. There, the rites of passage from one phase of social existence to the next, are bound by rules that eliminate exhibitionism, and that includes a strict dress (or undress) code.


The purpose of this is to create a common group solidarity distinguished only by age and learning aptitudes, enabling the pupil to imbibe not only a formal education but the sense of place and responsibilities within the overall community. At the heart of this strategy is purposeful leveling. This is the one place, in a child’s life, where the child can see the other as a human equal, as, very simply, another human being.



 In a situation that involves a plurality of faiths, a common dress code thus strikes me as a medium of secular arbitration, a function that is thereby vitiated by a blatant divergence from the uniform. To revert for a moment to our own Nigerian experience, the action of that Minister of Education in decreeing a duoform policy – as I dubbed it at the time – in place of the uniform, was a denial of a profound educational virtue in the personality formation of our youth.


 That equipment is a foundation block in the acquisition of the concept of oneness, one that does not interdict the celebration of the pupils’ faiths with their families at home, in places of worship outside the school, and in religious season.


Six to eight hours each day, five or six times a week, in a basically undifferentiated companionship of their age group, a period that is interspersed with huge spaces of vacation weeks during the year, strikes me as being not too great a sacrifice for parents to make, and I must stress that this ‘sacrifice’ is made, not by the children, but by the parentage, the adult stakeholders who are so obsessed with re-living their lives, with all acquired insecurities and prejudices, through their offspring.

 That sacrifice, or danger, exists only in the parental mind, since no child loses his or her spiritual bearings simply from the removal or addition of a piece of tissue or headgear from an outfit for a few hours a day. Left alone, children create their own world.


They should be encouraged to do so. They re-enter another world on returning home and again, left alone, harmonise both and others without any anguish. In itself, this constitutes part of their educational process, and makes their existence a richer one. Learning includes cultivation of an adjustment capability. I should add that I take this position within the context of a situation where private educational institutions – which include missionary owned schools – are permitted.


 Such schools are then free to decree their own modes of dressing, but their curricula should also be routinely vetted by the state – for reasons that I hope, are obvious. Schools should never be allowed to serve as an instructional field for the curriculum of hate in the young mind. Boko Haram did not happen overnight.


 If I happen to believe that youths should be weaned away from any sense of class distinction through a display of affluence in school, it is only logical that the more insidious demonstration of religious difference should be equally discouraged. ‘I am wealthier than you’, as an attitude among youth earns our immediate disapprobation. Even more binding an institutional responsibility should be the attenuation of all buntings that, today especially, leave impressionable youth with the message: ‘I am holier than thou.’


In the name of whatever deity – or none – that we believe in, leave these youths alone! Subject them to a uniform character formative discipline. Don’t give them airs – spiritual or material – and do not fight surrogate wars through their vulnerable being. If there is an after-life of well deserved “weeping and gnashing of teeth” called hell, it is surely reserved for those who foster a mentality of separatism in humanity at an age when the sense of oneness, of bonding, comes instinctively, effortlessly, and selflessly.






Read more at: http://www.vanguardngr.com/2016/06/soyinka-religionto-everything-place/

COMMENTS

InfoLinks

Name

#IstandWithBolaTinubu,1,#LindaIkeji,2,#Oshadipe,2,$28,1,10 facts from yester years.,1,1960BET,3,2011 ELECTION IN NIGERIA,1,2019 election.,1,5 Signs To Spot non-Ogbanje Girlfriend.,1,500,1,9jaSAFE Award,1,A VISIT TO A DENTIST IN GLASGOW,1,Abbey Paseda,1,AbikeDabiri,2,Abiola Ajimobi.,1,Abubakar Adam Ibrahim,1,Abuna Yemata Guh,1,Abundant Nigeria Renewal Party,1,AdebayoShittu,2,Adeboye,1,Adenike Khadijat Oluboyo.,1,Adeola Soetan.,2,ADMISSION SCANDAL ROCKS FGC IJANIKIN LAGOS.,1,ADP,1,Advanced Political Climatology,1,Advanced Political Climatology APC 307,1,African Development Bank Internship Program 2019,1,African journalism.,2,African restaurant in Scotland.,1,AfroGrams Ilesa,1,AhmadiyyaCentenary,1,AhmadiyyaMuslimCommunityGlasgow,3,Aisha DaniaOgieriakhi,1,AishaBuhari,2,AjibikeAbike,1,Ajimobi,3,Akinwunmi Ambode.,2,Akogun Olugbenga Omole,1,Akon,1,Akute-Alagbole,1,Alao Akala.,1,Alao Fadda.,1,Alhaji Ibrahim Adesina Adeyemi,3,ALISTAIR DARLING,1,Alistair Soyode,1,Alpha Beta,1,AlphaZero,1,Ambassador George Adesola Oguntade,1,Amber Rudd,1,Ambode,1,Amitolu Shittu.,1,AMOPE,1,AN OPEN LETTER TO GOD,1,An open letter to Late Ken Saro-Wiwa,1,AN OPEN LETTER TO MADAM LADITO,1,AN OPEN LETTER TO PROFESSOR ADAM ADEBAYO LASISI,1,Andela.,1,AnnaJames,1,ANRP,2,Anthony Joshua.,2,APC,9,APC 3017,1,APC KADUNA,1,APC307,2,ARIK AIR,1,Armedrobbery,1,Article50.,1,Arts exhibitions in Lagos NIGERIA.Terra Kulture.,1,ASO ROCK,1,ASSASSINATION,1,AsylumSeekers,1,AtikuAbubakar,2,Austin Okai,1,Autobiography.,1,Awolowo.,1,AyodeleFayose,1,BabaAyangba,1,Babalaje of Okofaji,1,Babatunde Gbadamosi,1,Babatunde Jose,1,Badoo cult,1,Basketmouth,1,Bayelsa,1,BDSF,1,Beko Ransome-Kuti,1,Benjamin Olowodola,1,BenTV,1,Biafra,1,Biafra.,1,Bike accident,1,Bill Cosby,1,BirthdayBonanza,1,BishopOyedepo,1,BisiAlimi,1,BitCoin,1,Black Ladder,1,Blogging,2,BLUE BABY SUPPORT INITIATIVE,2,Bobby Fischer,1,BobDylan,1,BobMarley,1,BOG,2,BOG Whistle-Blower,1,Boko Haram,4,BokoHaram,1,Bolanle Sobowale,1,BolaTinubu,4,Boris Johnson,1,Boss Gida Mustapha.,1,Bosun Emmanuel,1,Boundary of friendship,1,Boxing career,1,Brain-Dead President,1,Brain-dead racists,1,Breaking News in Chemistry,1,Breaking The Wall Of Silence,1,Brexit,4,Brexit in AFRICA,1,Bros Kongi @ 83,1,BROS KONGI @ 84,1,Buchi Emecheta.,1,Buhari,10,Buhari.,1,BuhariBiography,2,Buharists,1,Cambridge Analytica,2,CANADA,2,CarAccident,1,Carlos Takam,1,CBN,1,CCNA,1,Channels TV,1,Charles Mulli,1,Chatham House.,1,Chelsea Football Club,1,Chess,7,Chess in Nigeria,3,Chibokschoolgirls,2,Chief ABC,1,Chief Imam of Lagos,1,ChildAbuse,3,ChildBrideMarriage,2,China,1,China and Africans.,1,Chinua Achebe,1,Chris Grayling,1,CHRIST EMBASSY CHURCH,1,Christianity,2,Christians,1,CISCO,1,colon cancer.,1,Come To Nigeria magazine.,1,Comedian,1,Commonwealth countries.,1,Commonwealth media internship,2,ComputerVillage.,1,Congo,1,Corruption,1,CovenantUniversity,1,Critics,1,Cultism,1,CyberCrime,2,Cyril Ramaphosa,1,D.O Fagunwa,1,Daddy G.O of Nigerian Blogosphere.,1,Damian Green,1,Dangote,1,Daniel Aramide,1,Danku,1,Dare Lasisi,2,Darren Osborne,1,DAVID CAMERON,1,DavidMark,1,DAYO OLOMU FOUNDATION UK,1,Deborah Quickpen,1,DeleAlake,1,DELETING PEOPLE ON FACEBOOK.,1,DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY,1,Depression,1,Dino Melaye.,1,DNA TEST,2,Domestic Violence in Nigeria,1,Don Vaney,1,Don't disturb the King,1,DonaldTrump,3,Dotun Ajegbile,3,Dotun Oladipupo,1,DR BARU.,1,Dr Frederick Fasehun,1,Dr Joe Okei-Odumakin,1,Dr Raphael James,1,Dr.Joe Okei-Odumakin,1,DSS,1,DSTV,1,Dubai Chess Opens 2019,1,Ebola,2,Echoes of Jagunmólú,1,Edinburgh Kidnappers,1,Edinburgh Zoo,1,EFCC,5,Egunmogaji,1,Egunmogaji Blogger.,1,EkitiState,1,El-Rufai,1,Embargo on Cyber-begging.,1,Emir of Okuta,1,EmirKatsina,1,Emmanuel Chidubem,1,Eniola Ajao,1,ENVY,1,ERHUVWU BEAUTY OBIREH,1,Ese Oruru,1,Estonia.,1,Et tu Oyegun,1,Ethiopia,1,Ethiopian Airlines.,1,ETISALAT,2,EVANS,1,Fabiano Caruana,1,Facebook,1,Facebook scam,1,Falz,1,Famine,1,FaniKayode,1,FatlasImpressions,1,February 17,1,FELA ANIKULAPO-KUTI,2,FELA KUTI,3,FELABRATION IN LONDON.,1,Fellowships for students,1,Femi Falana,1,FemiAdesina,1,Festus Keyamo,1,FIDE,1,FidelCastro,2,First Class ABIYAMO,1,Flashback to dark days,1,Focus on Disability Charity,1,FOMWAN,1,football.,1,For Pius Adesanmi,1,For Southern Kaduna,1,Frank Nweke Jr,1,Fraud,2,Fraud.,1,FRC,1,Free £10,1,FreeBOGNow.,2,FreePress,1,Fresh FM Ibadan,1,Fuji Music,1,Fulani herdsmen killings in NIGERIA.,1,FUNAAB,1,FUTA,1,Gani Fawehinmi Scholarships.,1,Gani Fawehinmi @ 80,1,GaniRad,1,GariumSulphate,1,Garri,1,GayWedding,1,GbengaDaniel,1,GEJ@60,1,George Weah,1,GetInvolvedNow,1,GHANA,1,Gina Miller,1,Glasgow,4,Glasgow Library,1,Glasgow Music concert,1,Glasgow stories.,1,GOCOP,1,Goje,1,GOK GBOSA,1,GoodluckJonathan,4,Google NIGERIA,1,Google.,2,GoogleCrackdown,1,GORDON BROWN,1,Grammy.,1,Green Card,2,Gun violence in London.,1,Guru Maharaji,1,HabibaIsa,1,Hajj 2018,1,Harvey Weinstein,1,HATE CRIME,1,Hate Speech,1,Health Matters,1,Hillary Clinton.,2,Holy King,1,Holy King of the rock,1,Homosexuality,1,Hugh Hefner,1,Human rights in Nigeria,1,Humanity,1,Humanside on chess board.,1,I hate Poetry.,1,IbadanTragedy,1,Ibikunle Amosun,1,ICTUniversity,1,Igbo Irunmale,1,Igbo Olodumare,1,IMF,1,IMPORTANT TIPS FOR DELETING PEOPLE ON FACEBOOK.,1,INCREDIBLE JUNK STORIES FROM YESTER YEARS.,1,IndianGarri,1,Indyref2,1,InfoTech,2,Innoson Motors,1,Inside Molue,1,Internet fraud.,1,InternetOfThings,1,Inviterite,1,IPC102,1,iPhones,1,Iran.,1,Iriri Oyibo,1,ISHAYABAMAIYI,1,Islam,5,Islam in Nigeria.,1,Islam.,2,IT professionals.,1,IT.,1,Italy 26,1,James Bond.,1,James Ibori,3,Jen Miller.,1,Jenreviews,1,JimiAgbaje,2,Jimoh Ibrahim,1,Jo Cox,1,JohnPaden,2,JONATHAN,2,Journalism,1,Juju,1,June 12,1,June 12 struggles,1,JUNE 8.,1,Kaduna.,1,Kashamu,1,Kashamu Buruji.,1,KatsinaState,1,Kazu Ishiguro,1,KEMI ADEOSUN,2,Kemi Olunloyo,1,Ken Saro-Wiwa,1,Ken Saro-Wiwa Jr,1,Ken Saro-Wiwa.Shell BP,1,Kenya orphanages,1,Kidneys,1,KING OF ASO ROCK,1,Kudirat Abiola,1,Kufre Uwem,1,Kurdish People,1,Kwara state crimes.,1,Kwara state.,1,Lagos,3,Lagos Police,1,Lagos state,1,Lagos2015,1,LagosLife,1,Lasisi Oluboyo,1,LASTMA,1,Latin language,1,LAUTECH,1,Leicester,1,LEKAN FATODU,1,Lekki,1,LET'S SAY NO TO SUICIDE,2,Liberia,1,Libraries in Nigeria.,1,LindaIkeji,1,Literature,1,Liu Xiaobo,1,LIVING IN FOREIGN LAND IS NOT SO CHEAP,1,London sexual assault,1,London stories,1,London Terror Attack,1,LondonScandal,1,LOVE IN CANCUN,1,LTV,1,Lucky Oboh,2,Madam Ladito,1,Madness from Chatham House.,1,MagnusCarlsen,5,Mahfouz Adedimeji,1,Mama Gani Philosophy,1,Mama Gani.,2,Mama Taraba.,1,Mamoudou Gassama,1,Manchester Attack,1,Manchester Terrorism,1,Markaz Agege,1,MarkZuckerberg,2,Mary Magdalene,1,Maryam Mirzakhani,1,Mathematics Genius,1,Mayflower Ikenne.,1,MC OLUOMO,1,MDP,1,Me and my secret children.,1,Media,1,MedView Airline,1,MEET THE NIGERIAN PRINCESS OF CHESS,1,Meghan Markle,1,Mendel University.,1,Meningitis outbreak,1,MFM,1,MikeOmeri,1,military dictatorship,1,MindYourLanguage,1,Ministry of Health.,1,MKO Abiola.,1,MMM,2,Modern Democratic Party,1,Modiu Olaguro.,1,MOJI OLAIYA,1,MoneyLaundering,1,Monica Osagie.,1,Morgan Tsvangirai,1,Morocco,1,MPC LEKKI,1,MR ORIOLA,1,MSc Scholarship at Uppsala University,1,Mufti Menk,1,Muhammadu Buhari,4,Mully Children's Family,1,Muslims,1,My Burden,1,My first trip to London,1,My Golden moment,1,My Mother,1,MY NYSC EXPERIENCE IN NIGER STATE,1,My Pen,1,My Power,1,My Random London Yabis,1,My Telephone Rules,1,My Troubled childhood As A Schoolboy.,1,My World,1,MyStory,1,N.A LASISI,1,NAFDAC,1,Naija BBQ Glasgow,1,NASFAT UK&IRELAND,1,Nasir El-Rufai,3,National Conscience Party.,1,Naughty Professor,1,NCC,1,NDLEA,1,NICK CLEGG,1,Nicola Sturgeon,2,Niger Delta,1,Nigeria,24,Nigeria High Commission.,1,Nigeria Village Square,1,Nigeria.,6,Nigeria.Tourism,1,Nigerian airports,1,Nigerian boxer,1,Nigerian Community Scotland,1,Nigerian Journalism,1,Nigerian passports,1,Nigerian politics,1,Nigerian Property Market,1,NIGERIAN WOMEN,1,NigerianMuslims,1,NigerianPassport,1,Nigerians and Hypocrisy,1,Nigerians in Chinese prisons,1,Nigerians in Scotland.,2,NigerianWriters,1,NLNG Award,1,NnamdiKanu,2,NNPC,1,NOA,1,Nobel Peace Prize.,1,NobelPrize,1,NOKIA 3310,1,Nollywood,2,Northern Ireland,1,Nottinghill carnival,1,NTDC,2,NYSC,6,NYSC EXEMPTION CERTIFICATE.,1,OAU sex scandal,1,Obafemi Awolowo University.,1,Obama,1,ObasanjoHilltop,1,Offa armed robbery,2,Offa Tragedy,1,Ogoni,1,Ogoni 9.,2,Okey Ndibe,1,Olalekan Lawal.,3,Olatunji Adedeji Odusan,1,OLISA METUH,1,Olubadan,2,Oludare Buraimoh,1,Oluwafemi Balogun,1,OmoniyiIbietan,1,Omoyele Sowore,1,Omoyele Sowore Town Hall Meeting in London.,1,Ondo state,1,OnlinePublishers,1,Onukaba,1,Ooni,1,OPC.,1,Ope Bademosi.,1,OPEN LETTER TO OGA MADAM,1,Oracle of scammer,1,Oracle of the cyberworld,1,Oran Mor.,1,Orebro University Scholarships.,1,Osinbajo,1,OtunbaGbengaDaniel.AdebolaDaniel,1,Oyo State,2,OZUBULU MASSACRE,1,Paddypaddybet,2,Pastor Adeboye,1,Pastor Joshua Shonubi,1,Pastor Victor Ajisafe,1,PastorRabalago,1,PaternityCrisis,1,Paul Moore,1,PayingEvilWithKindness,1,PAYLATER APP.,1,PAYPAL DONATIONS.,1,PDP,4,PDP.,1,PDP.APC.,2,Pepper-soup joint Glasgow.,2,PERMISSION TO FORGE AHEAD.,1,phone hackers,1,Pius Adebola Adesanmi,1,Plagiarism,2,PLAGIARISTS ARE SHAMELESS THIEVES!,1,PLEURAL EFFUSION,1,Police,1,Politics,1,Postage stamps in Nigeria.,1,PowerOfBook,1,Prayer City.,1,PressFreedom,1,Primary school early start,1,Prince Adelaja Adeoye,1,Prince Harry,1,PrinceAdemola Adeniji-Adele,1,PrinceOfHope,1,Prof Adebayo Adedeji,1,Prof Richard Akindele,1,Professor ADAM.,1,Professor Adebayo Adedeji,1,Professor Kingsley Chiedu Moghalu,1,PROFESSOR ORIOLA,1,Professor Sulyman Agenyo AbdulKareem,1,ProfPaden,1,PSN,1,PTDF,1,Qatar,1,Queen's University Belfast,1,RAAAF,1,Racism in Glasgow,1,Ramadan,2,Rape,2,Rasheed Gbadamosi,1,REBRANDING MY BLOGGING,1,Recession,1,Redeemer's University,1,religions in Nigeria.,1,Reno Omokri,1,ReubenAbati,2,Revd.Mother Esther Abimbola Ajayi.,1,Rhoyale Priesthood Food & Groceries UK LTD.,1,Richard Akindele,2,Rilwan Adesoji,1,Rio Ferdinand,1,RiversOfBlood,1,Robert Mugabe,1,Roger Moore,1,Room56.,1,Rotimi Akeredolu,1,Rotimi Makinde,1,RotimiAmaechi,1,Royston Glasgow.,1,Rwanda,1,Sahara Reporters,1,Sajod Javid,1,Sallah,2,SallyMbanefo,2,Salute to the Garium Sulphate!,1,Sani Abacha,2,Saudi Arabia,1,Scholarships for African students.,2,Scholarships in SCOTLAND,1,Scholarships.,1,SCOTLAND,8,SCOTLAND LAFESTA,1,SCOTLAND.,1,Scotland. OpenDay 2017,1,Scotland's indyref2,1,Scottish inventors,1,Segun Adelugba,1,Segun Onibiyo,1,Senator Ademola Adeleke,1,Senator KAKA,1,Seun Kuti,1,SeunEgbegbe,2,SEX SCANDAL,1,ShamelessNaijaWomen,1,Sheikh Abdullah Adam El-Ilory,1,Sheikh Adam Abdulahi Al-Ilory,1,Sheikh Garuba Akinola Ibrahim,1,Sheikh Muhydeen Ajani Bello,1,Shreyas Royal,1,Sickle cell,1,Sierra Leone tragedy,1,Sikiru Ayinde Barrister,1,Silhouette of Conscience,1,SonnyOkosun.,1,South Africa,1,Southern Kaduna,2,Soyinka.Amaechi,1,Stamford Bridge.,1,Starvation.,1,Stay Healthy,1,Stella,4,Stephen Hawking,1,Stockfish,1,StrangeFacts,1,Suicide.,1,Sule Lamido,1,Sultan of African Satire,1,Super Falcons,1,SwedishAcademy,1,Syrian crisis,1,Tai Solarin,1,TaiSolarin,1,Talking Dolls,1,Terrorism,1,TERRORISM.,1,The difference between a resume and a CV?,1,THE FALL OF A KING,1,The Flying King,1,THE GHOST MARKET WOMAN,1,the haunted lady,2,The Haunted Lady.,2,The Monitor.,1,The Narrow Escape,1,THE POWER OF A CURSE,1,The Trial of Brother Jagunmolu,1,The Trial of Brother Jagunmolu.,1,The Unknown Thief,1,The Yale Young African Scholars Program 2019,1,TheRangerApp,2,Theresa May,1,TheresaMay.,6,This is Nigeria.,1,Tinubu,1,Titanic Museum Belfast,1,Tony Elumelu,1,Tony Ezimakor,1,TSTV,1,TuFace Idibia,1,Tunde Bakare,2,Turkey,1,TY Danjuma Foundation,1,Tyler Dooley.,1,UCH,1,UCL,1,UK GENERAL ELECTION,1,UK libraries,1,UK Politics,2,UK.,1,UKdeportation,1,UKPolitics,1,Ulster Museum.,1,Umaru YarAdua,1,UNILAG,2,UNILORIN,5,UniMaid,1,UniSambisa,1,University of Dundee,2,University of Glasgow.,1,University of Ilorin,2,University of Ilorin.Centre for Peace and Strategic Studies,1,University of Sambisa,1,University Of Stirling,2,University of Strathclyde,1,University of Tartu,1,UNKNOWN GUNMEN,1,UoS.,1,US Elections,1,US Lotto Jackpot,1,USA,1,UtakoMarketAbuja.,1,Victor Olabisi Onabanjo,1,Video Contest Scholarship,1,VP Yemi Osinbajo.,1,Wailing for the future,2,WailingWailers,2,Wande George,1,Wike.,1,Windrush scandal,1,Winnie Mandela,1,Wole Soyinka,8,Women Arise,1,World cup 2018 in Russia.,1,WTM,1,Xodus,1,Yahya Jammeh,1,Yemi OSINBAJO,2,Yinka Ayefele,1,Yinka Odumakin,1,Yinusa Owolabi Ramon,1,YPP.,1,Yusuf Buhari,2,Zahra Buhari.,1,Zambian cement,1,Zimbabwe,1,Zukabaga,1,Zulu Sofola.,1,
ltr
item
Welcome to Dare Lasisi's blog!: Soyinka on religion:To everything, its place
Soyinka on religion:To everything, its place
Welcome to Dare Lasisi's blog!
http://www.darelasisi.co.uk/2016/06/soyinka-on-religionto-everything-its.html
http://www.darelasisi.co.uk/
http://www.darelasisi.co.uk/
http://www.darelasisi.co.uk/2016/06/soyinka-on-religionto-everything-its.html
true
622867813627327551
UTF-8
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS CONTENT IS PREMIUM Please share to unlock Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy