University graduates face higher brain tumour risk: study

People with at least three years of higher education are at greater risk for cancerous brain tumours than those with no more than nine yea...


People with at least three years of higher education are at greater risk for cancerous brain tumours than those with no more than nine years of schooling, perplexed researchers said Tuesday. “There is a 19 percent increased risk that university-educated men could be diagnosed with glioma,” said Amal Khanolkar, a scientist at the Institute of Child Health in London and lead author of a study in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community.

For women, he said, the risk rose by 23 percent. “It was a surprising result which is difficult to explain,” Khanolkar told AFP.



Concretely, the increase in risk is minimal because such brain tumours are rare. At the lowest level of education, the chances of glioma were reported at five in 3,000. At the other end of the educational spectrum, the odds increased to six in 3,000.


But the question remained as to whether the gap — no matter how small — was real and, if so, what caused it. Earlier research exploring a possible link between education or social level, on the one hand, and the frequency of brain tumours, on the other, had been inconclusive.



To “put to rest” these conflicting findings, Khanolkar and colleagues at the Karolinska Institute medical university in Stockholm used a new approach.


 Rather than comparing a small number of brain tumour patients with healthy individuals, they sifted through the health records of 4.3 million adults tracked by the Swedish public health system from 1993 to 2011.



The researchers distinguished between three kinds of brain tumours — two of them non-cancerous — with different causes. The strong link between education level and tumour incidence held for all three types, but was strongest for deadly gliomas. Interestingly, an even higher risk gap was found between low-income manual labourers and high-income men and women who did not work with their hands.


– Why?

 – Gliomas are malignant brain tumours which grow rapidly and cause severe symptoms, including migraines, nausea and memory loss.



The survival rate is very low. The study did not seek to explain the link between higher education and tumours, nor did it consider the potential impact of environmental and lifestyle factors, such as smoking or alcohol consumption. The most common explanation for risk levels that rise with years spent in the classroom is that people with a higher education or income “have a better awareness of symptoms,” Khanolkar said.


This would mean they are more likely to seek help and receive a correct diagnosis. But while this may be true in a country with a health system that clearly favours the well-to-do, the argument is far less convincing in the Swedish context, the researchers said. “Sweden has a universal, tax-based health care system,” said Khanolkar. Everybody has roughly the same access to treatment.


Moreover, he added, gliomas form very rapidly — often within 48 hours — and are excruciatingly painful. “The symptoms are not avoidable — you can’t sit at home and not seek care,” he said. To further their probe, the team will canvass an updated version of the database for possible correlations between ethnicity and brain tumour risk. Underlying genetic variation in populations from different geographic regions — where certain mutations are more or less common — could be a factor, Khanolkar acknowledged.



One expert, commenting on the study, pointed to other possible culprits. “Two additional factors which might be of interest in this context are height and, in women, hormone replacement therapy,” said James Green, a clinical epidemiologist at the University of Oxford.


Risk of brain tumours — as of most cancers — is higher in taller people, and taller people tend to be richer and more educated,” he noted. “Hormone replacement therapy increases risk of brain tumours, and its use tends to vary by socio-economic group.”




Read more at: http://www.vanguardngr.com/2016/06/university-graduates-face-higher-brain-tumour-risk-study/

COMMENTS

InfoLinks

Name

#IstandWithBolaTinubu,1,#LindaIkeji,2,#Oshadipe,2,$28,1,10 facts from yester years.,1,1960BET,3,2011 ELECTION IN NIGERIA,1,2019 election.,1,5 Signs To Spot non-Ogbanje Girlfriend.,1,500,1,9jaSAFE Award,1,A VISIT TO A DENTIST IN GLASGOW,1,Abbey Paseda,1,AbikeDabiri,2,Abiola Ajimobi.,1,Abubakar Adam Ibrahim,1,Abuna Yemata Guh,1,Abundant Nigeria Renewal Party,1,AdebayoShittu,2,Adeboye,1,Adenike Khadijat Oluboyo.,1,Adeola Soetan.,2,ADMISSION SCANDAL ROCKS FGC IJANIKIN LAGOS.,1,ADP,1,Advanced Political Climatology,1,Advanced Political Climatology APC 307,1,African Development Bank Internship Program 2019,1,African journalism.,2,African restaurant in Scotland.,1,AfroGrams Ilesa,1,AhmadiyyaCentenary,1,AhmadiyyaMuslimCommunityGlasgow,3,Aisha DaniaOgieriakhi,1,AishaBuhari,2,AjibikeAbike,1,Ajimobi,3,Akinwunmi Ambode.,2,Akogun Olugbenga Omole,1,Akon,1,Akute-Alagbole,1,Alao Akala.,1,Alao Fadda.,1,Alhaji Ibrahim Adesina Adeyemi,3,ALISTAIR DARLING,1,Alistair Soyode,1,Alpha Beta,1,AlphaZero,1,Ambassador George Adesola Oguntade,1,Amber Rudd,1,Ambode,1,Amitolu Shittu.,1,AMOPE,1,AN OPEN LETTER TO GOD,1,An open letter to Late Ken Saro-Wiwa,1,AN OPEN LETTER TO MADAM LADITO,1,AN OPEN LETTER TO PROFESSOR ADAM ADEBAYO LASISI,1,Andela.,1,AnnaJames,1,ANRP,2,Anthony Joshua.,2,APC,9,APC 3017,1,APC KADUNA,1,APC307,2,ARIK AIR,1,Armedrobbery,1,Article50.,1,Arts exhibitions in Lagos NIGERIA.Terra Kulture.,1,ASO ROCK,1,ASSASSINATION,1,AsylumSeekers,1,AtikuAbubakar,2,Austin Okai,1,Autobiography.,1,Awolowo.,1,AyodeleFayose,1,BabaAyangba,1,Babalaje of Okofaji,1,Babatunde Gbadamosi,1,Babatunde Jose,1,Badoo cult,1,Basketmouth,1,Bayelsa,1,BDSF,1,Beko Ransome-Kuti,1,Benjamin Olowodola,1,BenTV,1,Biafra,1,Biafra.,1,Bike accident,1,Bill Cosby,1,BirthdayBonanza,1,BishopOyedepo,1,BisiAlimi,1,BitCoin,1,Black Ladder,1,Blogging,2,BLUE BABY SUPPORT INITIATIVE,2,Bobby Fischer,1,BobDylan,1,BobMarley,1,BOG,2,BOG Whistle-Blower,1,Boko Haram,4,BokoHaram,1,Bolanle Sobowale,1,BolaTinubu,4,Boris Johnson,1,Boss Gida Mustapha.,1,Bosun Emmanuel,1,Boundary of friendship,1,Boxing career,1,Brain-Dead President,1,Brain-dead racists,1,Breaking News in Chemistry,1,Breaking The Wall Of Silence,1,Brexit,4,Brexit in AFRICA,1,Bros Kongi @ 83,1,BROS KONGI @ 84,1,Buchi Emecheta.,1,Buhari,10,Buhari.,1,BuhariBiography,2,Buharists,1,Cambridge Analytica,2,CANADA,2,CarAccident,1,Carlos Takam,1,CBN,1,CCNA,1,Channels TV,1,Charles Mulli,1,Chatham House.,1,Chelsea Football Club,1,Chess,7,Chess in Nigeria,3,Chibokschoolgirls,2,Chief ABC,1,Chief Imam of Lagos,1,ChildAbuse,3,ChildBrideMarriage,2,China,1,China and Africans.,1,Chinua Achebe,1,Chris Grayling,1,CHRIST EMBASSY CHURCH,1,Christianity,2,Christians,1,CISCO,1,colon cancer.,1,Come To Nigeria magazine.,1,Comedian,1,Commonwealth countries.,1,Commonwealth media internship,2,ComputerVillage.,1,Congo,1,Corruption,1,CovenantUniversity,1,Critics,1,Cultism,1,CyberCrime,2,Cyril Ramaphosa,1,D.O Fagunwa,1,Daddy G.O of Nigerian Blogosphere.,1,Damian Green,1,Dangote,1,Daniel Aramide,1,Danku,1,Dare Lasisi,2,Darren Osborne,1,DAVID CAMERON,1,DavidMark,1,DAYO OLOMU FOUNDATION UK,1,Deborah Quickpen,1,DeleAlake,1,DELETING PEOPLE ON FACEBOOK.,1,DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY,1,Depression,1,Dino Melaye.,1,DNA TEST,2,Domestic Violence in Nigeria,1,Don Vaney,1,Don't disturb the King,1,DonaldTrump,3,Dotun Ajegbile,3,Dotun Oladipupo,1,DR BARU.,1,Dr Frederick Fasehun,1,Dr Joe Okei-Odumakin,1,Dr Raphael James,1,Dr.Joe Okei-Odumakin,1,DSS,1,DSTV,1,Dubai Chess Opens 2019,1,Ebola,2,Echoes of Jagunmólú,1,Edinburgh Kidnappers,1,Edinburgh Zoo,1,EFCC,5,Egunmogaji,1,Egunmogaji Blogger.,1,EkitiState,1,El-Rufai,1,Embargo on Cyber-begging.,1,Emir of Okuta,1,EmirKatsina,1,Emmanuel Chidubem,1,Eniola Ajao,1,ENVY,1,ERHUVWU BEAUTY OBIREH,1,Ese Oruru,1,Estonia.,1,Et tu Oyegun,1,Ethiopia,1,Ethiopian Airlines.,1,ETISALAT,2,EVANS,1,Fabiano Caruana,1,Facebook,1,Facebook scam,1,Falz,1,Famine,1,FaniKayode,1,FatlasImpressions,1,February 17,1,FELA ANIKULAPO-KUTI,2,FELA KUTI,3,FELABRATION IN LONDON.,1,Fellowships for students,1,Femi Falana,1,FemiAdesina,1,Festus Keyamo,1,FIDE,1,FidelCastro,2,First Class ABIYAMO,1,Flashback to dark days,1,Focus on Disability Charity,1,FOMWAN,1,football.,1,For Pius Adesanmi,1,For Southern Kaduna,1,Frank Nweke Jr,1,Fraud,2,Fraud.,1,FRC,1,Free £10,1,FreeBOGNow.,2,FreePress,1,Fresh FM Ibadan,1,Fuji Music,1,Fulani herdsmen killings in NIGERIA.,1,FUNAAB,1,FUTA,1,Gani Fawehinmi Scholarships.,1,Gani Fawehinmi @ 80,1,GaniRad,1,GariumSulphate,1,Garri,1,GayWedding,1,GbengaDaniel,1,GEJ@60,1,George Weah,1,GetInvolvedNow,1,GHANA,1,Gina Miller,1,Glasgow,4,Glasgow Library,1,Glasgow Music concert,1,Glasgow stories.,1,GOCOP,1,Goje,1,GOK GBOSA,1,GoodluckJonathan,4,Google NIGERIA,1,Google.,2,GoogleCrackdown,1,GORDON BROWN,1,Grammy.,1,Green Card,2,Gun violence in London.,1,Guru Maharaji,1,HabibaIsa,1,Hajj 2018,1,Harvey Weinstein,1,HATE CRIME,1,Hate Speech,1,Health Matters,1,Hillary Clinton.,2,Holy King,1,Holy King of the rock,1,Homosexuality,1,Hugh Hefner,1,Human rights in Nigeria,1,Humanity,1,Humanside on chess board.,1,I hate Poetry.,1,IbadanTragedy,1,Ibikunle Amosun,1,ICTUniversity,1,Igbo Irunmale,1,Igbo Olodumare,1,IMF,1,IMPORTANT TIPS FOR DELETING PEOPLE ON FACEBOOK.,1,INCREDIBLE JUNK STORIES FROM YESTER YEARS.,1,IndianGarri,1,Indyref2,1,InfoTech,2,Innoson Motors,1,Inside Molue,1,Internet fraud.,1,InternetOfThings,1,Inviterite,1,IPC102,1,iPhones,1,Iran.,1,Iriri Oyibo,1,ISHAYABAMAIYI,1,Islam,5,Islam in Nigeria.,1,Islam.,2,IT professionals.,1,IT.,1,Italy 26,1,James Bond.,1,James Ibori,3,Jen Miller.,1,Jenreviews,1,JimiAgbaje,2,Jimoh Ibrahim,1,Jo Cox,1,JohnPaden,2,JONATHAN,2,Journalism,1,Juju,1,June 12,1,June 12 struggles,1,JUNE 8.,1,Kaduna.,1,Kashamu,1,Kashamu Buruji.,1,KatsinaState,1,Kazu Ishiguro,1,KEMI ADEOSUN,2,Kemi Olunloyo,1,Ken Saro-Wiwa,1,Ken Saro-Wiwa Jr,1,Ken Saro-Wiwa.Shell BP,1,Kenya orphanages,1,Kidneys,1,KING OF ASO ROCK,1,Kudirat Abiola,1,Kufre Uwem,1,Kurdish People,1,Kwara state crimes.,1,Kwara state.,1,Lagos,3,Lagos Police,1,Lagos state,1,Lagos2015,1,LagosLife,1,Lasisi Oluboyo,1,LASTMA,1,Latin language,1,LAUTECH,1,Leicester,1,LEKAN FATODU,1,Lekki,1,LET'S SAY NO TO SUICIDE,2,Liberia,1,Libraries in Nigeria.,1,LindaIkeji,1,Literature,1,Liu Xiaobo,1,LIVING IN FOREIGN LAND IS NOT SO CHEAP,1,London sexual assault,1,London stories,1,London Terror Attack,1,LondonScandal,1,LOVE IN CANCUN,1,LTV,1,Lucky Oboh,2,Madam Ladito,1,Madness from Chatham House.,1,MagnusCarlsen,5,Mahfouz Adedimeji,1,Mama Gani Philosophy,1,Mama Gani.,2,Mama Taraba.,1,Mamoudou Gassama,1,Manchester Attack,1,Manchester Terrorism,1,Markaz Agege,1,MarkZuckerberg,2,Mary Magdalene,1,Maryam Mirzakhani,1,Mathematics Genius,1,Mayflower Ikenne.,1,MC OLUOMO,1,MDP,1,Me and my secret children.,1,Media,1,MedView Airline,1,MEET THE NIGERIAN PRINCESS OF CHESS,1,Meghan Markle,1,Mendel University.,1,Meningitis outbreak,1,MFM,1,MikeOmeri,1,military dictatorship,1,MindYourLanguage,1,Ministry of Health.,1,MKO Abiola.,1,MMM,2,Modern Democratic Party,1,Modiu Olaguro.,1,MOJI OLAIYA,1,MoneyLaundering,1,Monica Osagie.,1,Morgan Tsvangirai,1,Morocco,1,MPC LEKKI,1,MR ORIOLA,1,MSc Scholarship at Uppsala University,1,Mufti Menk,1,Muhammadu Buhari,4,Mully Children's Family,1,Muslims,1,My Burden,1,My first trip to London,1,My Golden moment,1,My Mother,1,MY NYSC EXPERIENCE IN NIGER STATE,1,My Pen,1,My Power,1,My Random London Yabis,1,My Telephone Rules,1,My Troubled childhood As A Schoolboy.,1,My World,1,MyStory,1,N.A LASISI,1,NAFDAC,1,Naija BBQ Glasgow,1,NASFAT UK&IRELAND,1,Nasir El-Rufai,3,National Conscience Party.,1,Naughty Professor,1,NCC,1,NDLEA,1,NICK CLEGG,1,Nicola Sturgeon,2,Niger Delta,1,Nigeria,24,Nigeria High Commission.,1,Nigeria Village Square,1,Nigeria.,6,Nigeria.Tourism,1,Nigerian airports,1,Nigerian boxer,1,Nigerian Community Scotland,1,Nigerian Journalism,1,Nigerian passports,1,Nigerian politics,1,Nigerian Property Market,1,NIGERIAN WOMEN,1,NigerianMuslims,1,NigerianPassport,1,Nigerians and Hypocrisy,1,Nigerians in Chinese prisons,1,Nigerians in Scotland.,2,NigerianWriters,1,NLNG Award,1,NnamdiKanu,2,NNPC,1,NOA,1,Nobel Peace Prize.,1,NobelPrize,1,NOKIA 3310,1,Nollywood,2,Northern Ireland,1,Nottinghill carnival,1,NTDC,2,NYSC,6,NYSC EXEMPTION CERTIFICATE.,1,OAU sex scandal,1,Obafemi Awolowo University.,1,Obama,1,ObasanjoHilltop,1,Offa armed robbery,2,Offa Tragedy,1,Ogoni,1,Ogoni 9.,2,Okey Ndibe,1,Olalekan Lawal.,3,Olatunji Adedeji Odusan,1,OLISA METUH,1,Olubadan,2,Oludare Buraimoh,1,Oluwafemi Balogun,1,OmoniyiIbietan,1,Omoyele Sowore,1,Omoyele Sowore Town Hall Meeting in London.,1,Ondo state,1,OnlinePublishers,1,Onukaba,1,Ooni,1,OPC.,1,Ope Bademosi.,1,OPEN LETTER TO OGA MADAM,1,Oracle of scammer,1,Oracle of the cyberworld,1,Oran Mor.,1,Orebro University Scholarships.,1,Osinbajo,1,OtunbaGbengaDaniel.AdebolaDaniel,1,Oyo State,2,OZUBULU MASSACRE,1,Paddypaddybet,2,Pastor Adeboye,1,Pastor Joshua Shonubi,1,Pastor Victor Ajisafe,1,PastorRabalago,1,PaternityCrisis,1,Paul Moore,1,PayingEvilWithKindness,1,PAYLATER APP.,1,PAYPAL DONATIONS.,1,PDP,4,PDP.,1,PDP.APC.,2,Pepper-soup joint Glasgow.,2,PERMISSION TO FORGE AHEAD.,1,phone hackers,1,Pius Adebola Adesanmi,1,Plagiarism,2,PLAGIARISTS ARE SHAMELESS THIEVES!,1,PLEURAL EFFUSION,1,Police,1,Politics,1,Postage stamps in Nigeria.,1,PowerOfBook,1,Prayer City.,1,PressFreedom,1,Primary school early start,1,Prince Adelaja Adeoye,1,Prince Harry,1,PrinceAdemola Adeniji-Adele,1,PrinceOfHope,1,Prof Adebayo Adedeji,1,Prof Richard Akindele,1,Professor ADAM.,1,Professor Adebayo Adedeji,1,Professor Kingsley Chiedu Moghalu,1,PROFESSOR ORIOLA,1,Professor Sulyman Agenyo AbdulKareem,1,ProfPaden,1,PSN,1,PTDF,1,Qatar,1,Queen's University Belfast,1,RAAAF,1,Racism in Glasgow,1,Ramadan,2,Rape,2,Rasheed Gbadamosi,1,REBRANDING MY BLOGGING,1,Recession,1,Redeemer's University,1,religions in Nigeria.,1,Reno Omokri,1,ReubenAbati,2,Revd.Mother Esther Abimbola Ajayi.,1,Rhoyale Priesthood Food & Groceries UK LTD.,1,Richard Akindele,2,Rilwan Adesoji,1,Rio Ferdinand,1,RiversOfBlood,1,Robert Mugabe,1,Roger Moore,1,Room56.,1,Rotimi Akeredolu,1,Rotimi Makinde,1,RotimiAmaechi,1,Royston Glasgow.,1,Rwanda,1,Sahara Reporters,1,Sajod Javid,1,Sallah,2,SallyMbanefo,2,Salute to the Garium Sulphate!,1,Sani Abacha,2,Saudi Arabia,1,Scholarships for African students.,2,Scholarships in SCOTLAND,1,Scholarships.,1,SCOTLAND,8,SCOTLAND LAFESTA,1,SCOTLAND.,1,Scotland. OpenDay 2017,1,Scotland's indyref2,1,Scottish inventors,1,Segun Adelugba,1,Segun Onibiyo,1,Senator Ademola Adeleke,1,Senator KAKA,1,Seun Kuti,1,SeunEgbegbe,2,SEX SCANDAL,1,ShamelessNaijaWomen,1,Sheikh Abdullah Adam El-Ilory,1,Sheikh Adam Abdulahi Al-Ilory,1,Sheikh Garuba Akinola Ibrahim,1,Sheikh Muhydeen Ajani Bello,1,Shreyas Royal,1,Sickle cell,1,Sierra Leone tragedy,1,Sikiru Ayinde Barrister,1,Silhouette of Conscience,1,SonnyOkosun.,1,South Africa,1,Southern Kaduna,2,Soyinka.Amaechi,1,Stamford Bridge.,1,Starvation.,1,Stay Healthy,1,Stella,4,Stephen Hawking,1,Stockfish,1,StrangeFacts,1,Suicide.,1,Sule Lamido,1,Sultan of African Satire,1,Super Falcons,1,SwedishAcademy,1,Syrian crisis,1,Tai Solarin,1,TaiSolarin,1,Talking Dolls,1,Terrorism,1,TERRORISM.,1,The difference between a resume and a CV?,1,THE FALL OF A KING,1,The Flying King,1,THE GHOST MARKET WOMAN,1,the haunted lady,2,The Haunted Lady.,2,The Monitor.,1,The Narrow Escape,1,THE POWER OF A CURSE,1,The Trial of Brother Jagunmolu,1,The Trial of Brother Jagunmolu.,1,The Unknown Thief,1,The Yale Young African Scholars Program 2019,1,TheRangerApp,2,Theresa May,1,TheresaMay.,6,This is Nigeria.,1,Tinubu,1,Titanic Museum Belfast,1,Tony Elumelu,1,Tony Ezimakor,1,TSTV,1,TuFace Idibia,1,Tunde Bakare,2,Turkey,1,TY Danjuma Foundation,1,Tyler Dooley.,1,UCH,1,UCL,1,UK GENERAL ELECTION,1,UK libraries,1,UK Politics,2,UK.,1,UKdeportation,1,UKPolitics,1,Ulster Museum.,1,Umaru YarAdua,1,UNILAG,2,UNILORIN,5,UniMaid,1,UniSambisa,1,University of Dundee,2,University of Glasgow.,1,University of Ilorin,2,University of Ilorin.Centre for Peace and Strategic Studies,1,University of Sambisa,1,University Of Stirling,2,University of Strathclyde,1,University of Tartu,1,UNKNOWN GUNMEN,1,UoS.,1,US Elections,1,US Lotto Jackpot,1,USA,1,UtakoMarketAbuja.,1,Victor Olabisi Onabanjo,1,Video Contest Scholarship,1,VP Yemi Osinbajo.,1,Wailing for the future,2,WailingWailers,2,Wande George,1,Wike.,1,Windrush scandal,1,Winnie Mandela,1,Wole Soyinka,8,Women Arise,1,World cup 2018 in Russia.,1,WTM,1,Xodus,1,Yahya Jammeh,1,Yemi OSINBAJO,2,Yinka Ayefele,1,Yinka Odumakin,1,Yinusa Owolabi Ramon,1,YPP.,1,Yusuf Buhari,2,Zahra Buhari.,1,Zambian cement,1,Zimbabwe,1,Zukabaga,1,Zulu Sofola.,1,
ltr
item
Welcome to Dare Lasisi's blog!: University graduates face higher brain tumour risk: study
University graduates face higher brain tumour risk: study
Welcome to Dare Lasisi's blog!
http://www.darelasisi.co.uk/2016/06/university-graduates-face-higher-brain.html
http://www.darelasisi.co.uk/
http://www.darelasisi.co.uk/
http://www.darelasisi.co.uk/2016/06/university-graduates-face-higher-brain.html
true
622867813627327551
UTF-8
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS CONTENT IS PREMIUM Please share to unlock Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy